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A

A2 aortic second sound 主动脉区第二音
AA amino acid 氨基酸
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm 腹主动脉瘤
Ab antibody 抗体
ABE acute bacterial endocarditis 急性细菌性心内膜炎
ABG arterial blood gases 动脉血气
ABI ankle brachial index 踝肱指数
ABP arterial blood pressure 动脉血压
ABPM ambulatory blood pressure monitoring 动态血压监测
AC alternating current 交流电
AC aortic closure 动脉闭锁
ACAT acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase 胆固醇酰基转移酶
ACE angiotensin converting enzyme 血管紧张素转化酶
ACEI angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors 血管紧张素转化酶抑制剂
ACG angiocardiography 心血管造影术
ACh acetylcholine 乙酰胆碱
ACS acute coronary syndromes 急性冠状动脉综合症
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone 促肾上腺皮质激素
ADH antidiuretic hormone 抗利尿激素
ADP adenosine diphosphate 二磷酸腺苷
AECG ambulatory electrocardiography 动态心电图
AEDs automatic external defibrillators 自动体外除颤器
AF atrial fibrillation 房颤
AFL atrial flutter 心房扑动
AG atrial gallop 心房性奔马律
AHA American Heart Association 美国心脏协会
AHP apical hypertrophy 心尖部肥厚
AI aortic incompetence 主动脉瓣关闭不全
AI aortic insufficiency 主动脉瓣功能不全
AI apical impulse 心尖搏动
AICD automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 埋藏式自动心脏复律除颤器
AICDS automatic implanted cardioverter defibrillators 自动植入式心脏复律除颤器
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 爱滋病
AIVR Accelerated idioventricular rhythm 加速性心室自主节律
ALT alanine aminotransferase 丙氨酸氨基转移酶
AMI acute myocardial imfarction 急性心肌梗塞
AML anterior mitral valve leaflet 二尖瓣前叶
ANA antinuclear antibody  抗核抗体
ANCA antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies 抗中性粒细胞胞浆抗体
ANGII angiotensin II 血管紧张素II
ANOVA analysis of variance 方差分析
ANP atrial natriuretic hormone 心房利钠激素
ANP atrial natriuretic peptide 心房利钠肽
ANS autonomic nervous system 自主神经系统
Ao aorta 主动脉
AO opening of the atrioventricular valves 房室瓣张开
AoP aortic pressure 主动脉压力
AP accessory pathway 旁路
AP action potential 动作电位
AP angina pectoris 心绞痛
AP arterial pressure 动脉压
APB atrial premature beat 房性早搏
APC atrial premature complex 房性早搏
APH apical hypertrophy 心尖部肥厚
APA action potential amplitude 动作电位幅度
APC activated protein C 活化的蛋白C
APD action potential duration 动作电位时间
apoA apolipoprotein A 载脂蛋白A
apoB apolipoprotein B 载脂蛋白B
aPPT actived partial thromboplastin time 激活的部分凝血活酶时间
APSAC anisolysated plasminogen streptokinase activated complex 苯甲氧酰纤溶酶原链激酶活化复合物
AR aortic regurgitation 主动脉瓣关闭不全
AR alarm reaction 应激反应
AR artificial respiration 人工呼吸
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome 成人呼吸窘迫综合症
Arg arginine 精氨酸
ARP atrial refractory period 心房不应期
ARVD arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia 致心律失常性右心室发育不良
AS aortic stenosis 主动脉瓣狭窄
AS arteriosclerosis 动脉硬化
ASCVD arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease 动脉粥样硬化性心血管病
ASD atrial septal defect 房间隔缺损
ASH asymmetric septal hypertrophy 非对称性心室间隔肥厚
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease 动脉硬化性心脏病
ASO anti-streptolysin "O" 抗链球菌溶血素O
ASO arteriosclerosis obliterans 闭塞性动脉硬化
AST aspartate aminotransferase 天门冬氨酸氨基转移酶
AT angiotensin Ⅱ receptor 血管紧张素Ⅱ受体
AT atrial tachycardia 房性心动过速
AT-Ⅲ:A antithrombin Ⅲ activity 抗凝血酶Ⅲ活性
ATP adenosine triphosphate 三磷酸腺苷
ATP antitachycardia pacing 抗心动过速起搏
ATPase adenosinetriphosphatase 三磷酸腺苷酶
AVA-V atrioventricular 房室性的
AVN atrioventricular node 房室结
AVNRT atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia 房室结折返性心动过速
AVO atrioventricular orifice 房室口
AVP arginine vasopressin 精氨酸加压素
AVR aortic valve replacement 主动脉瓣置换术
AVRT atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia 房室交互性心动过速

B
BBB blood-brain barrier 血脑屏障
BBB bundle branch block 束支传导阻滞
BBBB bilateral bundle branch block 双侧束支传导阻滞
BBT basal body temperature 基础体温
BDS biodegradable stents 生物可降解支架
BFP biologic false-positive 生物学假阳性
BLS basic life support 基础生命支持
BMI body mass index 体质指数
BMR basal metabolic rate 基础代谢率
BNP brain natriuretic peptide 脑钠肽
BUN blood urea nitrogen 尿素氮
BP blood pressure 血压
BPV blood pressure variability 血压波动性
BRF renal blood flow 肾血流
B.S. breath sounds 呼吸音
B.S. blood sugar 血糖
BSA body surface area 体表面积
BUN blood urea nitrogen 血尿素氮
BVAD biventricular assist device 两心室辅助装置

C
CA cardiac arrest 心脏停搏
CA coronary artery 冠状动脉
CA catecholamine 儿茶酚胺
C.A. circumflex coronary artery 左回旋支冠状动脉
CABG coronary artery bypass grafting 冠状动脉旁路移植术
CABS coronary artery bypass surgery 冠状动脉分流术
CAD coronary artery disease 冠状动脉疾病
CAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate 环磷酸腺苷
CAVB complete atrioventricular block 完全房室传导阻滞
CBC complete blood count 全血细胞计数
CBF cerebral blood flow 脑血流量
CC chief complaint 主诉
CCPR cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation 心肺脑复苏
CCU coronary care unit 冠心病监护病房
CCU critical care unit 危症监护病房
CD curative dose 有效量治疗量
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 疾病预防控制中心
CEA carcinoembryonic antigen 癌胚抗原
CEI cardiac effort index 心脏负荷指数
CETP cholesteryl ester transfer protein 胆固醇酯转移蛋白
CF cardiac failure 心力衰竭
CFR coronary flow reserve 冠状动脉血流储备
cGMP cyclic guanosine monophosphate 环-磷酸鸟苷
CHD coronary heart disease 冠心病
CHF congestive heart failure 充血性心力衰竭
CHO Chinese hamster ovary (cell) 中国仓鼠卵巢细胞
CI cardiac index 心脏指数
CIC circulating immune complex 循环免疫复合物
CIE counterimmunoelectrophoresis 对流免疫电泳
CK creatine kinase 肌酸激酶
CK-BB creatine kinase with brain subunits 肌酸激酶BB亚单位
CK-MB creatine kinase-MB 肌酸激酶MB亚单位
CK-MM creatine kinase with muscle subunits 肌酸激酶MM亚单位
CM chylomicron 乳糜微粒
CMLC cardiac myosin light chains 心脏肌凝蛋白轻链
CMT circus movement tachycardia 环形运动性心动过速
CNS central nervous system 中枢神经系统
CO cardiac output 心输出量
CoA coenzyme A 辅酶 A    
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 慢性阻塞性肺病
CPB cardiopulmonary bypass 体外循环
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure 持续气道正压呼吸
CPC clinicopathological conference 临床病历讨论会
CPK creatine phosphokinase 磷酸肌酸激酶
CPK-MB MB fraction of creatine phosphokinase 磷酸肌酸激酶同功酶MB
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation 心肺复苏
CRH corticotropin-releasing hormone 促肾上腺皮质激素释放激素
CRP C-reactive protein C反应蛋白
CRT cardiac resynchronization therapy 心脏再同步治疗
CS coronary sinus 冠状窦
CSF colony-stimulating factor 集落刺激因子
CSF cerebrospinal fluid 脑脊液
CSM carotid sinus massage 颈动脉窦按摩
CSNRT corrected SNRT 校正的窦房结恢复时间
CT clotting time 凝血时间
CT computed Tomography 计算机体层X线摄影
CTA CT angiography CT血管造影
cTnI cardiac troponin I 心肌肌钙蛋白I
cTnT cardiac troponin T 心肌肌钙蛋白T
CTO chronic total occlusion 慢性闭塞病变
CV cardiovascular 心血管的
CVA cerebrovascular accident 脑血管意外
CVD cardiovascular disease 心血管疾病
CVP central venous pressure 中心静脉压
CVS cardiovascular system 心血管系统

D
DAD delayed afterdepolarization 延迟后去极化
D.A.H disordered action of heart 心功能失调
DBP diastolic blood pressure 舒张压
DC direct-current 直流电
DCM dilated cardiomyopathy 扩张性心脏病
DHEA-S dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate 硫酸脱氢异雄酮
DHF diastolic heart failure 舒张性心力衰竭
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation 弥漫性血管内凝血
DL diffusion capacity 弥散量
DM diabetes mellitus 糖尿病
DM diastolic murmur 舒张期杂音
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid 脱氧核糖核酸
DNR do not resuscitate 不复苏
DOA dead on arrival 到达时已死亡
DOC deoxycorticosterone 脱氧皮质酮
DSA digital subtraction angiography 数字减影血管造影术
dsDNA double-stranded DNA 双链脱氧核糖核酸
DTPA diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid 二乙烯三胺五乙酸
DVT deep venous thrombosis 深静脉血栓形成

E
EAD early afterdepolarization 早期后除极
EAVNC enhanced A-V nodal conduction 房室结加速传导
EBV Epstein-Barr virus EB病毒
ECC external chest compression 胸外心脏按压
ECG electrocardiogram 心电图
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation 体外循环膜氧合
ECS electrocerebral silence 脑电静止
ECS endocannabinoid system 内分泌大麻系统
ED emergency department 急诊室
ED effective dose 有效剂量
EDCFs endothelium-derived constricting factor 内皮衍生的收缩因子
EDHF endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor 内皮衍生超极化因子
EDRF endothelium-derived relaxing factor 内皮衍生的松弛因子
EDV end-diastolic volume 舒张末期容积
EERP extended endocardial resection procedure 心内膜伸展切除法
EEV encircling endocardial ventriculotomy 心内膜面心室环切术
EF ejection fraction 射血分数
EKG electrocardiogram 心电图
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay 酶联免疫吸附试验
EMD electromechanical dissociation 电机械分离
EMS emergency medical service 急救医疗服务
ERBF effective renal blood flow 有效肾血流量
EPS electrophysiology study 电生理检查
EPSP excitatory postsynaptic potential 兴奋性突触后电位
ER endoplasmic reticulum 内质网
ERBF effective renal blood flow 有效肾血流量
ERP effective refractory period 有效适应期
ERP endocardial resection procedure 心内膜切除术
ERT estrogen replacement therapy 雌激素替代疗法
ERV expiratory reserve volume 补呼气容积
ES cells Embryonic stem cells 胚胎干细胞
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate 血细胞沉降率
ESRD end-stage renal disease 终末期肾脏疾病
ESV end-systolic volume 收缩末期容积
ET excitability threshold 兴奋性阈值
ET endothelin 内皮素

F
Fab fragmentantigen-binding 抗原结合片断
FABP fatty acid binding protein 脂肪酸结合蛋白
FBG fasting blood glucose 空腹血糖
FDP fibrinogen degradation products 纤维蛋白原降解产物
FEV1.0 forced expiratory volume in one second 第1秒用力呼气容积
FFA free fatty acid 游离脂肪酸
FGF fibroblast growth factor 纤维母细胞生长因子
FH familial hypercholesterolemia 家族性高胆固醇血症
FHC familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 家族性肥厚型心肌病
FIO2 fraction of inspired oxygen 吸入气氧分数
FML flail mitral leaflet 连枷样瓣叶
FRC functional residual capacity 功能残气量
FT3 free triiodothyronine 游离型T3
FT4 free thyroxine 游离型甲状腺素
FUO fever of undetermined origin 不明原因发热
FVC forced vital capacity 用力肺活量

G
GAD glutamic acid decarboxylase 谷氨酸脱羧酶
GAP GTPase-activating protein GTP酶活化蛋白
GBM glomerular basement membrane 肾小球基底膜
G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor 粒细胞集落刺激因子
GFR glomerular filtration rate 肾小球滤过率
GHb glycosylated hemoglobin 糖化血红蛋白
GI gastrointestinal 胃肠的
GIK glucose_insulin_potassium 葡萄糖-胰岛素-钾(极化液)
GITS the gastrointestinal therapeutic system 胃肠道治疗系统
GMP guanosine monophosphate 一磷酸鸟苷
GPBB glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme 糖原磷酸化酶同工酶BB
GPT glutamic-pyruvic transaminase 谷丙转氨酶
GTP guanosine triphosphate 三磷酸鸟苷
GTT glucose tolerance test 葡萄糖耐量试验

H
HAV hepatitis A virus 甲肝病毒
Hb hemoglobin 血红蛋白
HbA1c Hemoglobin A1c 糖化血红蛋白 A1c
HBcAg hepatitis B core antigen 乙肝核心抗原
HBeAg hepatitis B e antigen 乙肝e抗原
HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen 乙肝e抗原
HBE His bundle electrogram 希氏束电图
HBV hepatitis B virus 乙肝病毒
HbO2 oxyhemoglobin 氧合血红蛋白
HCM hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 肥厚型心肌病
HCT hematocrit 血细胞比容,红细胞压积
HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol 高密度脂蛋白胆固醇
HERG Human Ether-a-go-go-Related Gene 人类eag相关基因
HF heart failure 心力衰竭
hFABP heart fatty acid binding protein 心脏脂肪酸结合蛋白
HIT heparin-induced thrombocytopenia 肝素导致的血小板减少症
HIV human immunodeficiency virus 人类免疫缺陷病毒
HLHS hypoplastic left heart syndrome 左心发育不良综合征
HMG-COA 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A 3羟甲基戊二酰辅酶A
HMWK high molecular weight kininogen 高分子量激肽原
HOCM hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy 肥厚梗阻性心肌病
HOP high oxygen pressure 高压氧
HP haptoglobin 结合珠蛋白,触珠蛋白
HPI history of the present illness 现病史
HPS His-Purkinje system 希氏束-浦肯野系统
HR heart rate 心率
HRV heart rate variability 心率变异性
HuIFN human interferon 人体干扰素

I

IAB intraaortic balloon  主动脉内气囊
IABP intraaortic balloon pump 主动脉内气囊泵
IC inspiratory capacity 深吸气量   
ICD implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 埋藏式心脏复律-除颤器
ICU intensive care unit 重症监护病房
IDD insulin-dependent diabetes 胰岛素依赖性糖尿病
IDL intermediate-density lipoprotein 中间密度脂蛋白
IE infective endocarditis 感染性心内膜
IFG impaired fasting glucose 空腹血糖调节受损
IFN interferon 干扰素
IGF-1 insulin-like growth factor-1 胰岛素样生长因子-1
IGT impaired glucose tolerance 葡萄糖耐量降低
IHD ischemic heart disease 缺血性心脏病
IHR intrinsic heart rate 固有心率
IHSS idiopathic hypertrophy subaortic stenosis 特发性肥厚型主动脉瓣下狭窄
IHUT isoproterenol-head-up tilt testing 异丙肾上腺素-倾斜试验
IMA internal mammary artery 内乳动脉
INR international normalized ratio 国际标准化比值
IPG impedance plethysmography 阻抗容积描记法
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing 间歇性正压呼吸
IR insulin resistance 胰岛素抵抗
IRMS insulin resistance metabolic syndrome 胰岛素抵抗代谢综合征
IRS insulin resistance syndrome 胰岛素抵抗综合征
IRV inspiratory reserve volume 补吸气容积
ISA intrinsic sympathomimetic activity 内源性拟交感活性
IU international unit 国际单位
IV intravenously  静脉注射
IVC inferior vena cava 下腔静脉
IVP intravenous pyelography 静脉肾盂造影
IVRT isovolumic relaxation time 等容舒张时间
IVS interventricular septum 室间隔
IVST interventricular septal thickness 室间隔厚度
IVUS intravascular ultrasound 血管内超声
J
J joule 焦耳

K
KD Keshan disease 克山病

L
LA left arm 左臂
LA left atrium 左心房
LAD left anterior descending (coronary artery) 冠状动脉左前降支
LAD left axis deviation 电轴左偏]
LADA latent autoimmune diabetes in adult 成人隐匿自身免疫糖尿病
LAE left atrial enlargement 左心房扩大
LAFB left anterior fascicular block 左前分支阻滞
LAH left anterior hemiblock 左前分支阻滞
LAO left anterior oblique 左前斜位
LAP left atrial pressure 左心房压力
LAPB left anterior parietal block 左前分支末梢阻滞
LATS long-acting thyroid stimulator 长效甲状腺刺激素
LBBB left bundle branch block 左束支传导阻滞
LCA left coronary artery 左冠状动脉
LCAT lecithin :cholesterol acyltransferase 卵磷脂胆固醇酰基转移酶
LCX left circumflex artery 左冠状动脉回旋支
LDH lactate dehydrogenase 乳酸脱氢酶
LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol 低密度脂蛋白胆固醇
LF left leg 左腿
LP(α) α-lipoprotein α脂蛋白
LPFB left posterior fascicular block 左后分支阻滞
LPH left posterior hemiblock 左后半阻滞
LPL lipoprotein lipase 脂蛋白酯酶
LQ-T1 long Q-T locus 1 长Q-T位点1
LQTS long QT syndrome 长QT综合症
LRL lower rate limit 下限频率
LV left ventricle 左心室
LVAD left ventricular assist device 左室辅助装置
LVEDP left ventricular end-diastolic pressure 左室舒张末压
LVEDV left ventricular end-diastolic volume 左室舒张末容积
LVET left ventricular ejection time 左心室射血时间
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy 左室肥厚
LVMI left ventricular mass index 左室重量指数

M
MAF macrophage activating factor 巨噬细胞活化因子
MAG3 mercaptoacetyltriglycine 巯基乙酰三甘氨酸
MAO monoamine oxidase 单胺氧化酶
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor 单胺氧化酶抑制剂
MAP mean arterial pressure 平均动脉压
MAPK mitogen-actived protein kinase 有丝分裂激活的蛋白激酶
MAT multifocal atrial tachycardia 多源性房性心动过速
MBC minimum bactericidal concentration 最小杀菌浓度
MB-CK MB creatine kinase 肌酸磷酸激酶MB亚单位
MCE myocardial contrast echocardiography 心肌造影超声心动图
MCF macrophage chemotactic factor 巨噬细胞趋化因子
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin 红细胞平均血红蛋白量
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration 红细胞平均血红蛋白浓度
MCT mean circulation time 平均循环时间
MCV mean corpuscular volume 平均红细胞容积
MDF myocardial depressant factor 心肌抑制因子
MDP maximum diastolic potential 最大舒张电位
MEN multiple endocrine neoplasia 多发性内分泌肿瘤
METS multiple of basal metabolic oxygen consumption 基础代谢氧消耗倍数
MHC myosin heavy chain 肌球蛋白重链
MI myocardial imfarction 心肌梗塞
MIC minimum inhibitory concentration 最小抑菌浓度
MLC myosin light chain 肌凝蛋白轻链
MMD minor myocardial damage 微小心肌损伤
MODS multiple organ dysfunction syndrome 多脏器功能障碍综合征
MPD maximum permissible dose 最大允许剂量
MPS mononuclear phagocyte system 单核巨噬细胞系统
MPS mucopolysaccharidosis 粘多糖(贮积)病
MR mitral regurgitation 二尖瓣关闭不全
MRA magnetic resonance angiography 核磁共振血管造影
MRI magnetic resonance imaging 核磁共振显像
mRNA messenger RNA 信使核糖核酸
MS metabolic syndrome 代谢综合征
MS mitral stenosis 二尖瓣狭窄
MSCT multi-slice computed tomography 多层螺旋CT
MSCTCA MSCT coronary angiography 多层螺旋CT冠状动脉造影
MSL midsternal line 胸骨中线
MV mitral valve 二尖瓣
MVO2 myocardial oxygen requirements 心肌需氧量
MVP mitral valve prolapse 二尖瓣脱垂
MVV maximal voluntary ventilation 最大自主通气量

N
NBTE nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis 非细菌性血栓性心内膜炎
NED no evidence of disease 无疾病证据
NEFA nonesterified fatty acids 非酯型脂肪酸游离脂肪酸
NEP neutral endopeptidase 中性内肽酶
NIDD non-insulin-dependent diabetes 非胰岛素依赖性糖尿病
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance 核磁共振
NO nitric oxide 一氧化氮
NPN nonprotein nitrogen
NQWMI non-Q-wave myocardial infarction 非Q波心肌梗塞
NSAIA nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic 非类固醇消炎止痛药
NSAIDs nonsteriodal anti-inflammatory drugs 非甾族抗炎药物
NSR normal sinus rhythm 正常窦律
NTP normal temperature and pressure 正常体温与血压
NVE native valve endocarditis 自身瓣膜心内膜炎
NYHA New York Heart Association  纽约心脏协会

O
OMB obtuse marginal branch  钝缘支
OR operating room 手术室
OS opening snap 开放拍击音
OSAS obstructive sleep apnea syndrome 阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停综合征
OTC over the counter 非处方药物
OTD organ tolerance dose 器官耐受剂量(X线)

P
P2 pulmonic second sound 肺动脉第二心音
PA posteroanterior 后前位的
PA pulmonary artery 肺动脉
PAC premature atrial complex 期前心房复合波
PAF platelet-activating factor 血小板激活因子
PAI-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 纤维蛋白酶原激活物抑制剂-1
PAP plasmin-antiplasmin complex 纤溶酶抗纤溶酶复合物
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia 阵发性房性心动过速
PAWP pulmonary artery wedge pressure 肺动脉楔压力
PBAV percutaneous balloon aortic valvuloplasty 经皮球囊主动脉瓣成形术
PBMV percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty 经皮球囊二尖瓣成形术
PBPV percutaneous balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty 经皮球囊肺动脉瓣成形术
PC:A protein C activity 蛋白C活性
PCG phonocardiogram 心音图
PCI percutaneous coronary intervention 经皮冠状动脉介入干预
Pco2 carbon dioxide partial pressure 二氧化碳分压力
Pco2 carbon dioxide partial tension 二氧化碳分张力
PCR polymerase chain reaction 聚合酶链反应
PCV packed cell volume 血细胞压积
PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure 肺毛细血管楔压
PDA patent ductus arteriosus 动脉导管未闭
PDA posterior descending coronary artery 冠脉后降支
PDE phosphodiesterase 磷酸二酯酶
PDIs Phosphodiesterase inhibitors 磷酸二酯酶抑制剂
PDGF platelet derived growth factor 血小板源生长因子
PEA pulseless electrical activity 无脉性电活动
PEEP positive endexpiratory pressure 呼气末正压呼吸
PES programmed electrical stimulation 程控电刺激
PET positron emission-computed tomography 正电子发射型计算机断层显像
PF4 platelet factor 4 血小板第4因子
PG prostaglandin 前列腺素
PGI2 prostacyclin 前列环素
PICVI Percutaneous in situ coronary venous arterialization 经皮原位冠状静脉动脉化
PJRT permanent junctional repciprocating tachycardia 持久性交界性交互心动过速
PJT paroxysmal junctional tachycardia 阵发性交界性心动过速
PKC protein kinase C 蛋白激酶C
PLAATO Percutaneous Left Atrial Appendage Transcatheter Occluder 经皮导管左心耳闭塞器
PLS prolonged life support 延续生命支持
PMI point of maximal impulse 最强心尖搏动点
PMVL posterior mitral valve leaflet 二尖瓣后叶
PMT pacemaker mediated tachycardia 起搏器介入性心动过速
PO2 oxygen partial pressure 氧分压力
PO2 oxygen partial tension 氧分张力
POCT point of care test 床旁检查
PPAR peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor 过氧化物酶体增生物活化受体
PPD purified protein derivative (tuberculin) 精制蛋白衍化物(结核菌素)
PR peripheral resistance 外周阻力
PR pulmonic regurgitation 肺动脉瓣关闭不全
PRA plasma renin activity 血浆肾素活性
PRG phleborheography 静脉血流描记法
PS protein S 蛋白S
PS pulmonic stenosis 肺动脉瓣狭窄
PS pulmonary stenosis 肺动脉瓣狭窄
PSM presystolic murmur 收缩前杂音
PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia 阵发性室上性心动过速
PT prothrombin time 凝血酶原时间
PT pulmonary trunk 肺动脉干
PTA plasma thromboplastin 血浆凝血致活酶前质
PTC plasma thromboplastin component 血浆凝血致活酶成分
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty 经皮冠状动脉血管成形术
Ptf P- wave terminal force 心房终末电压
PTT partial thromboplastin time 部分凝血活酶时间
PUO pyrexia of unknown origin 原因不明的发热,无名热
PVCs premature ventricular contractions 室性早搏
PVE prosthetic valve endocarditis 人工瓣膜性心内膜炎
PVR pulmonary vascular resistance 肺血管阻力
PVT polymorphic ventricular tachycardia 多形性室性心动过速
PWT posterior wall thickness 后壁厚度

Q
QMI Q_wave myocardial infarction Q波型心肌梗塞
QTd Q-T dispersion Q-T离散度
QTc corrected QT interval 校正的QT间期

R
RA right arm 右臂
RA right atrium 右心房
RAD right axis deviation 电轴右偏
RAAS renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system 肾素-血管紧张素-醛固酮系统
RAE right atrial enlargement 右心房扩大
RAO right anterior oblique 右前斜位
RAS renin-angiotensin system 肾素-血管紧张素系统
RBBB right bundle branch block 右束支传导阻滞
RBC red blood cell 红细胞
RBC red blood (cell) count 红细胞计数
RCA right coronary artery 右冠状动脉
RCM restrictive cardiomyopathy 限制性心肌病
RCTs randomized controlled trials 随机对照研究
RES reticuloendothelial system 网状内皮系统
RF rheumatoid factor 类风湿因子
RFCA radiofrequency catheter ablation 射频消融术
RFLP restriction fragment length polymorphism 限制性片段长度多态性
PHC Right-sided heart catheterization 右心导管检查
RIST radioimmunosorbent test 放射免疫吸附试验
RKY roentgenkymography X线记波照相术
RNA ribonucleic acid 核糖核酸
RNP ribonucleoprotein 核糖核酸蛋白
ROM passive range of motion 被动活动
ROSC return of spontaneous circulation 自主循环恢复
RPF renal plasma flow 肾血浆流量
RPS renal pressor substance 肾加压物质
RQ respiratory quotient 呼吸商
rT3 reverse triiodothyronine 反三碘甲状腺原氨酸
r-TPA recombinant tissue plasminogen activator 重组的组织型纤溶酶原激活物
RV residual capacity 残气量
RV right ventricle 右心室
RVAD right ventricular assist device 右心室辅助装置
RVH right ventricular hypertrophy 右心室肥大
RVI right ventricle infarction 右心室梗塞
RVOT right ventricular outflow Tract 右室流出道

S
S1 first heart sound 第一心音
S2 second heart sound 第二心音
S3 third heart sound 第三心音
S4 fourth heart sound 第四心音
SA sinoatrial 窦房的
SACT sinoatrial conduction time 窦房传导时间
SAB sinoatrial block 窦房阻滞
SAECG signal averaged electrocardiogram 信号叠加心电图
SAH systemic arterial hypertension 体循环动脉高压
SAH subarachnoid hemorrhage 蛛网膜下腔出血
SAM systolic anterior motion (二尖瓣前叶)在收缩期前移
SB sinus bradycardia 窦性心动过缓
SBE subacute bacterial endocarditis 亚急性细菌性心内膜炎
SBP systolic blood pressure 收缩压
SBT serum bactericidal titer 血清杀菌剂滴度
SC closure of the semilunar valves 半月瓣关闭
SC subcutaneous 皮下
SCD sudden cardiac death 心脏性猝死
scu-PA single chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator 单链尿激酶型纤溶酶原激活物
SD standard deviation 标准差
SE stress echocardiography 负荷超声心动图
SE standard error 标准误差
SEC spontaneous echo contrast 自发性声学显影
SFMC soluble fibrin monomer complex 可溶性纤维蛋白单体复合物
SGOT glutamic oxaloacetic acid transferase 血清谷草转氨酶
SH sulfhydryl 巯基
SHR spontaneously hypertensive rat 自发性高血压大鼠
SHRSP strok-prone SHR 具有中风倾向的自发性高血压大鼠
SIRS systemic inflammatory response syndrome 全身炎症反应综合征
SK streptokinase 链激酶
SL sublingual 舌下
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus 系统性红斑狼疮
SM systolic murmur 收缩期杂音
SMBG self-monitoring blood glucose 自我监测血糖
SMCS smooth muscle cells 平滑肌细胞
SMI silent myocardial ischemia 无症状性心肌缺血
SNRT sinus node recovery time 窦房结恢复时间
SNS sympathetic nervous system 交感神经系统
SOB shortness of breath 呼吸短促
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography 单光子发射型计算机断层显像
SQTS short Q-T syndrome 短 Q-T 间期综合征
SR sarcoplasmic reticulum 肌浆内质网
ssDNA single-stranded DNA 单链DNA
SSS sick sinus syndrome 病态窦房结综合症
ST sinus tachycardia 窦性心动过速
STI systolic time intervals 心室收缩时间间期
SUDS sudden unexplained death syndrome 不明原因猝死综合症
SUNDS sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome 不明原因的夜间猝死综合症
SV stroke volume 每搏心输出量
SVC superior vena cava 上腔静脉
SVI stroke volume index 每搏量指数
SVT supraventricular tachycardia 室上性心动过速
SWI stroke work index 每搏作功指数

T
Ta atrial repolarization 心房复极
TABD triple acid-base disorders 三重性酸碱失衡
TAT thrombin -antithrombin complex 凝血酶-抗凝血酶复合物
TC total cholesterol 总胆固醇
Tc technetium 锝
TDI tissue doppler imaging 组织多普勒成像
TDP torsades de pointes 尖端扭转性室性心动过速
TEE transesophageal echocardiography 经食道超声心动图
TET treadmill exercise test 踏车运动试验
TFPI tissue factor pathway inhibitor 组织因子途径抑制物
TGA transposition of the great arteries 大动脉转位
TGB thyroxine-binding globulin 甲状腺素结合球蛋白
TGF-β transforming growth factor-beta 转化生长因子β
THAM tromethamine 三羟甲基氨基甲烷
TIA transient ischemic attack 短暂性脑缺血发作
TIMI thrombolysis in myocardial infarction 心肌梗塞溶栓
TLC total lung capacity 肺总量
TM thrombomodulin 血栓调节蛋白
TMLR transmyocardial laser revascularization 心肌再血管化
TMST treadmill exercise test 踏车运动试验
TNF tumor necrosis factor 肿瘤坏死因子
T-PA tissue-type plasminogen activator 组织型纤溶酶原激活物
TPP thrombus precussor protein 血栓前体蛋白
TR tricuspid regurgitation 三尖瓣返流
TRH thyrotropin-releasing hormone 促甲状腺素释放激素
TS tricuspid stenosis 三尖瓣狭窄
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone 促甲状腺素
TT thrombin time 凝血酶时间
TT thrombolytic therapy 溶栓治疗
TTE transthoracic echocardiography 经胸超声心动图
TV tricuspid valve 三尖瓣
TXA2 thromboxane A2 血栓烷A2
TXB2 thromboxane B2 血栓烷B2

U
UA unstable angina 不稳定性心绞痛
UCG ultrasound cardiogram 超声心动图
UCM unclassified cardiomyopathies 不定型的心肌病
UK urokinase 尿激酶
u-PA urokinase type plasminogen activator 尿激酶型纤溶酶原激活物
URL upper rate limit 上限频率
URTI upper respiratory tract infection 上呼吸道感染
US ultrasound 超声

V
V4R right precordial lead in V4 position 右胸导联V4的位置
VAD ventricular assist device 心室辅助装置
VC vital capacity 肺活量
VCAM vascular cell adhesion molecule 血管细胞粘附分子
VCG vectorcardiogram 心电向量图
Vco2 carbon dioxide 二氧化碳产量
VDH valvular disease of the heart 心瓣膜病
VE minute ventilation 每分钟通气量
VEDP ventricular end-diastolic pressure 心室舒张末压力
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor 血管内皮细胞生长因子
VF ventricular fibrillation 室颤
VFT ventricular fibrillation threshold 室颤阈值
VLDL very-low-density lipoprotein 极低密度脂蛋白
VLP ventricular late potential 心室晚电位
VMA vanillylmandelic acid 香草扁桃酸
Vo2 peak oxygen consumption  峰值氧耗
Vo2 respiratory oxygen uptake 呼吸摄氧量
VMA vanillylmandelic acid 3-甲氧基-4羟基苦杏仁酸
VPBs ventricular premature beats 室性早搏
VPC ventricular premature complex 心室早搏复合波
VPD ventricular premature depolarization 心室过早去极化
VRP ventricular refractory period 心室不应期
VSD ventricular septal defect 室间隔缺损
VT ventricular tachycardia 室性心动过速
VTE venous thromboembolism 静脉血栓栓塞
VW vessel wall 血管壁
vWF von willebrand factor 血管性血友病因子

W
WBC white blood cell 白细胞
WBC white blood (cell) count 白细胞计数
WHO world health organization 世界卫生组织

α-MHC alpha-myosin heavy chain α-肌凝蛋白重链
β-TG β-thromboglobulin β-血小板球蛋白
23-DPG 23-diphosphoglycerate 23-二磷酸甘油酸
5-HT 5-hydroxytryptamine  5-羟色胺
123I MIBG iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine I123标记的间碘苄胍
17-KS 17-ketosteroids 17-酮皮质类固醇
17-OHCS 17-hydroxycorticosteroid 17-羟皮质类固醇
18-OHD 18-hydroxycorticosterone 18-羟皮质酮
24hUFC 24h urine free cortisol 24小时尿液游离皮质醇

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